Garment samples are inevitably important and are developed tested before starting the bulk production.
It means making a sample of the garment /fabric which requires to be sold.
Sampling is one of the main processes in Garment Industry and it has a vital role in attracting buyers.
Because the buyers generally places the order after they are satisfied with the quality of the samples.
Persons involved in Sampling
We have to send many samples to buyers. They are :
1. Salesmen samples or promotional samples.
2. Proto samples or fit samples.
3. Counter samples or reference samples or approval samples.
4. Wash test samples.
5. Photo samples.
6. Fashion show samples.
7. Pre-production samples.
8. Production samples.
9. Shipment samples.
The process of sample department varies from context to context, and the development process covers a wide range of diverse products from new fibers, fiber blends, new yarns, fabric structures, finishes and surface effects and all types of made up products such as knitwear, hosiery, cut and sewn garments, household products, technical and medical products.
There are different phases of sampling :
1. First phase covers the development of the initial concept or design idea through its approval by the customer.
2. The second phase covers the process following acceptance of the first prototype sample and includes the functions of sourcing and ordering component, testing the product and carry out trails once the finalized samples specifications has been drawn up.
3. The third and final phase commences. The phase includes a range of activities that are carried out before large scale or bulk production capacity outside the home producer/developers wherever this is applicable.
Costing includes all the activities like purchase of fabrics and accessories, processing and finishing of fabrics, sewing and packing of garments, transport and conveyance, shipping, over heads, banking charges and commissions, etc.
We must be aware that there are always fluctuations in the costs of raw materials and accessories, charges of knitting, processing, finishing, sewing and packing, charges of transport and conveyance.
The method of making costing will vary from style to style.
As there are many different styles in garments.
Hence let us take men's basic T-shirt style as example which is in regular use.
We have used Indian Rupees as the currency.
To find out the costing of a garment, the following things should things be calculated :
1. Fabric consumption.
2. Fabric cost per kg.
3. Fabric cost per garment.
4. Other charges (print, embroidery, etc).
5. Cost of trims (labels, tags, badges, twill tapes, buttons, bows, etc).
6. Wash cost.
9. Freight (Sea or Air).